Incredible and Marvelous: Fashion's First Hipsters


Jacques-Louis David, Madame Récamier, oil on canvas (unfinished), 1800, Louvre, Paris. Public Domain

Amid the French Revolution, a youth subculture became notorious for adopting styles so extreme they were dubbed 'incredible' and 'marvelous.' This week we speak about some of fashion's first hipsters: the incroyables and the merveilleuses.

Additional Reading

  • Amman, Elizabeth. Dandyism in the Age of Revolution: The Art of the Cut. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015.
  • Bruson, Jean-Marie. Au temps des merveilleuses: la société parisienne sous le Directoire et le Consulat. Paris-Musées, 2005.
  • Gendron, François. The Gilded Youth of Thermidor. Translated by James Cookson. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1993.
  • Ribeiro, Aileen. Fashion in the French Revolution. London: B.T. Bartsford, 1988.
  • Steele, Valerie. Paris Fashion: A Cultural History. London: Bloomsbury, 2017.